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Facial Swelling in Dogs

For dogs, facial swelling can happen suddenly. While allergic reactions can lead to facial swelling, many factors can contribute. In this article, our Tucson vets list causes and symptoms and explain how to reduce facial swelling in dogs.

Sudden Facial Swelling in Dogs

When a dog's face suddenly swells, it is usually due to an allergic reaction. While this is the body's natural inflammatory response to stimuli and should help keep your dog healthy, it is not always the case. Watching for symptoms and responding quickly is critical, as is determining the cause of the swelling.

What are allergies?

Allergies are frequently caused by an immune response to invaders in the body. Typically, these are bacteria or viruses, but the body can mistake safe substances for these invaders. A small bug can trigger this immune response, causing swelling in your dog's face. While major allergic reactions are treatable, they are emergencies that must be handled promptly and effectively by a qualified veterinarian.

Facial Swelling in Dogs: Potential Causes & Symptoms 

Allergic reactions in dogs may be caused by many things, such as bug bites, bee stings, vaccinations, medications, certain foods, toxin exposure, pollen, and other environmental allergens. Just like people, allergies can develop at any time throughout your dog's life. 

The symptoms of your dog's allergic reaction can range from mild to life-threatening. If your dog suddenly exhibits symptoms of an allergic reaction, you should monitor and respond accordingly. One of the most common symptoms is facial swelling, which can extend into the neck. This could be most visible in the eyelids and muzzle. This poses a serious risk to your pet's airway because it can cause it to become blocked. The duration of these symptoms will always vary with the severity of the reaction. Other common symptoms you may notice include:

  • Itching of the skin
  • Hives 
  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Runny eyes
  • Runny nose

If your dog is having a severe allergic reaction, they could experience trouble breathing or even seizures. These are life-threatening reactions and require emergency medical attention

Other Causes of Facial Swelling in Dogs

While allergic reactions are the most common cause of facial swelling in dogs, there are several other factors to consider. Other causes of facial swelling include dental problems, physical trauma to the face, facial tumors, and a variety of other complications. It is critical to monitor the symptoms and obtain an accurate diagnosis in order to provide appropriate treatment.

How Long Does Facial Swelling Last in Dogs?

Facial swelling in dogs can last anywhere from a few hours to several days, depending on the severity and cause of the swelling. 

How to Reduce Swelling in a Dog

When it comes to addressing facial swelling in dogs, treatment will vary depending on the diagnosis of the cause, as well as the severity of the symptoms. Lifestyle or dietary changes are often recommended to prevent the allergen from coming in contact with your pet. Your veterinarian might also prescribe an allergy medication to help relieve the symptoms. Speak with your veterinarian before administering any medications or providing any treatment. 

Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.

Does your dog have allergic reactions or facial swelling? Book an appointment at Pet Doctor today for diagnosis and treatment.

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